April Birthstone Diamond
April Birthstone[chart] — April Birthstone is a Diamond. Diamond, one of the elements of nature, is shrouded in a mysterious fascination which is not only peculiar unto itself, but which rivals any other scientific research.
Its formation and variance in color are questions yet unsolved, while the important role which it has played, and is today playing, in man’s lives and the world’s history tends to increase its natural fascination and the desire to know more about it.
Birth Months Flowers: April Birth Flower Daisy
The History of April Birthstone
The history of the april birthstone dates back many hundreds and even thousands of years, and it was probably known of and prized among the other gems in use during the ancient Babylonian civilization, 6000 to 7000 B. C.
Diamonds at that time, however, were not as greatly prized as articles of ornamentation on account of their extreme hardness and the inability of man at that early date to find a means of cutting and polishing this stone.
The pearl, therefore, at that time was considered the most precious of this world’s goods.
All through early history the april birthstone is seldom mentioned, except as when used as an amulet to protect the wearer from mental and bodily evils and to insure happiness.
Garnets, topaz, jade, aquamarine, malachite, emeralds, opals and pearls were considered among the most highly prized gems for personal ornamentation on account of their being much more easily handled, and it was not until a much later period that diamonds really became the much sought for jewel.
Biblical history of April birthstone Diamond
Biblical history tells us that the twelve tribes of Israel were designated by twelve precious stones (birthstones), but the diamond is not included in the list, yet there is no doubt but that it was known of at that time.
The Hebrew term «Jahalom» is said to be derived from the verb «halam», to strike, and is applied to the diamond to describe the superior hardness of this gem, which can be employed in cutting other precious stones.
For a long time the april birthstone was only known to some Eastern kings, and an opinion prevailed that it could only be found in gold-mines.
The fact however is, that it is discovered in many places yielding the crystal, to which it bears an affinity.
There are six kinds of diamonds, viz. the Ethiopian, the Indian, the Arabian, the Macedonian, the Cyprian, and the Siderite, which resembles polished steel.
The last two kinds are brittle, the others are exceedingly hard; they resist the ordinary blow of the hammer, and the heat of the fire.
One author mentions the following ludicrous anecdote: — «A noble lady inherited two diamonds, which for many years remained hidden among her treasures; from time to time these stones gave birth to indisputable facsimiles and likenesses of themselves».
He accounts for this strange phenomenon by stating that the peculiarly pure atmosphere which must have surrounded the gems facilitated the formation of the generated crystals!
Ancient Greek & Roman history of April Birthstone
The diamond (april birthstone), which for a long time has been considered the most precious of gems, has been known from early antiquity.
Its name «adamant», a name that can be recognized in nearly all its modern appellations, was given by the Greeks, and signifies «the indomitable».
The excessive hardness of the diamond quite justifies this designation; but we find from the authors of antiquity that the ancients attributed to this stone certain other properties that it can by no means lay claim to, such as that of not becoming warm when heat was applied to it, and above all, that of resisting, without breaking, the blow of a hammer.
The latter property is mentioned both by Lucretius and Pliny, not to go farther back.
«Adamantina saxa Prima acie constant, ictus contemnere sueta»
«The test of all these diamonds», says Pliny, «is made upon an anvil by blows of the hammer, and their repulsion for iron is such that they make the hammer fly in pieces, and sometimes the anvil itself is broken».
This error maintained its ground down to a very late period. Thus, in the year 1476, when, after the battle of Morat, the Swiss soldiers seized upon the tent of Charles the Bold, they found in it, among other treasures, a certain number of diamonds, and in order to test whether they were genuine struck them with hammers and hatchets, and of course broke them in pieces.
The diamonds earliest known to the Romans were furnished by Ethiopia; but when Pliny wrote, during the first half century of our era, they had already been brought from India; and thenceforward, until the eighteenth century, no diamond mines were known but those of the East Indies in the empire of the Mogul, and in the island of Borneo.
Modern discovery of the Diamond
The discovery of the Brazilian diamond districts created an excitement throughout the world; and, considerably more than a century afterwards, the opening of the diamond-fields of South Africa, has once more «revolutionized the trade».
In 1829, in accordance with a judgment ex pressed by Humboldt, diamonds were found in the Ural Mountains; they have also been obtained from Sumatra, Java, South Carolina, Georgia, Alaska, Arizona, Mexico, and Australia; but the production has been of too isolated occurrence to indicate any new centers of commerce.
April Birthstone Diamond – the origin and characteristics
In composition the diamond (April Birthstone) is pure carbon, thus not differing chemically from graphite, or such forms of carbon as lamp-black, bone-black, etc. It is crystallized, but this can be said of graphite as well.
Why carbon should assume the form of diamond in one case and graphite in another, as well as being amorphous in other occurrences, is not known. Such behavior of a substance is known as dimorphism, and numerous illustrations of it are to be found in nature.
Mohs hardness: 10.0 from 10
The Density: 3.5 g/cm³
April Birthstone Diamond Colors
Usually, April Birthstone (the diamond) is colorless or white, although shades of yellow are also common. It is also known in shades of red, green, and blue, and in brown and black. The two latter are rarely transparent, and grade into brown and carbonado.
About half the diamonds found are tinged to some degree. If the color is but slight, the birthstone is considered less valuable than if perfectly colorless; but a diamond (April Birthstone) of pronounced color is the most valuable gem known.
Among colors of diamonds, blue is the rarest. The largest and most valuable colored diamond known is the Hope Blue, weighing 44 1/2 carats. This is valued at about one hundred thousand dollars (XIX century). It has a brilliant deep blue color and is without a flaw.
A deep blue diamond, weighing 67 1/8 carats, was long worn in the French crown, but it was stolen in 1792 and has never been recovered.
Red diamonds vary in hue from ruby-red to rose, the latter being the most common. No large red diamonds are known, the largest being one of 32 carats in Vienna. Another famous one is that in the Russian treasury, for which Paul I paid one hundred thousand roubles. It is of a ruby color.
The finest green diamond known is the «Dresden Green» preserved in the Green Vaults of Saxony. It was purchased by August the Strong in 1743 for sixty thousand dollars. It is apple-green in color and weighs 40 carats.
Diamonds of yellow color are comparatively common, many of the Cape diamonds being lowered in value by possessing a yellow tinge.
It is said that this injurious yellow tinge can be overcome by dipping the stone several times in a solution of potassium permanganate, the violet color of the latter neutralizing the yellow of the diamond.
The yellow tinge usually also disappears in artificial light. Of large diamonds possessing a yellow color the Florentine and the Tiffany are the best known.
The color of colored April Birthstones is generally permanent, but that of some is said to fade on exposure to light. It can also be destroyed or changed by heat.
April Birthstone Healing Properties
It is recommended to wear April Birthstone on the ring finger of the left hand as a talisman.
You can wear an April Birthstone Jewelry in the form of earrings or pendant. The main rule – the diamond must contact with the skin.
The Diamond is a great assistant in the affairs of the heart. The intentions of its owner must be clean, otherwise the April Birthstone will bring a harm.
April Birthstone is contraindicated to thieves and fraudsters.
The Diamond is related to the energy of the sun. It helps to spiritual progress.
The gold ring with April Birthstone brings a sense of constant replenishment of energy.
Don’t wear diamond jewelry of other people, it could contain the information field of the previous owner.
April Birthstone Zodiac Sign
Diamond — it is a Birthstone for Aries. But also, April Birthstone fits to Leo, Libra & Cancer.
April Birthstone Mystical Properties
Diamond «hates» the neglect & impure thoughts, it could harm its owner in this case.
April Birthstone gives the courage & determination to its owner. Diamond brings the success, protects from wild animals, relieves depression & breaks spells.
April Birthstone is the talisman of kings, generals, strong-minded men.